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Pre-historic Site - Brahmagiri

DISTRICT: Chitradurga; TALUK: Molakalmur
LOCALITY: Brahmagiri (Lat.14° 48' N; Long. 76° 49' E)
APPROACH: AIRPORT: Bengaluru; RAILWAY STATION: chitradurga; BUS STATION: Chitradurga

The pre-historic habitation site is located adjacent to a granite hill. The site was excavated and a sequence of three cultures namely Period I- Neolithic-Chalcolithic, Period II- Megalithic, Period III- Early Historic was noticed.  Period I is further classified into Period I A and I B. Period I A is identified with polished celts on dolerite, parallel-sided blades and microliths. Interestingly, no fluted cores were found. These tools are made on carnelian, jasper, rock crystal, agate and flint. Huts constructed by perishable material and low walls built of granite boulders have also been exposed. Period IB is identified with the use of copper/bronze objects. The ceramic typology consists of hand-made grey ware, burnished as well as unburnished. Period II (Megalithic) has yielded mostly black and red ware and iron tools with some copper objects in association with megalithic habitations and burials. Period III (Early historic) has revealed Russet Coated Painted (RCP) pottery and Rouletted ware and other sophisticated artifacts of terracotta, shells, bone, glass, semi-precious stones, bronze, etc. On the basis of ceramic and numismatic evidence this phase is assignable to the Satavahana period.