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DISTRICT: Hassan; TALUK: Channarayapatna
LOCALITY: Sravanabelagola (Lat. 12° 51' N; Long. 76° 29' E)
APPROACH: AIRPORT: Bengaluru; RAILWAY STATION: Hassan; BUS STATION: Sravanagelagola
Adarsh Smarak Monument
More than 560 inscriptions distributed on the two hills like Chandragiri, Vindhyagiri and the township of Shravanabelogola are reported so far from this Jaina Centre. The Inscriptions issued by various dynasties in Sanskrit, Kannada, Tamil and Marathi languages, ranging in date from 7th to 19th century AD. These are found engraved on rock beds, pillars, nishidis, walls of the bastis and stone as well as metal images. They vary from short label inscriptions to lengthy poetic compositions. Their theme is devotion to Jainism finding expression in the various pious acts such as obeisance to Jaina deities and teachers, pilgrimage to this holy place, observance of various vows including samadhimarana, installation of Jaina images and construction of bastis, granting of lands for their maintenance etc. Many of the inscriptions are epitaphs and quite a few of them are of Jaina ascetics. Some give genealogical account of the pontiffs, most prominent of them being Kundakundacharya who played an important role in the spread of Jainism in South lndia. Devakriti Pandita, Kanakanandi, Damananditavidya munishvara and Bhalachandra are other Jaina teachers eulogized in inscriptions. A number of inscritions record ceremonial deaths at this place by means of Sallekhana, Sanyasana, etc. right from the 7th century AD.