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Panchakuta Basti, Kambadahalli

DISTRICT: Mandya; TALUK: Nagamangala
LOCALlTY: Kambadahalli (Lat. 12° 50' N; Long. 76° 48' E)

The Panchakuta Basti at Kambadahalli is the most finite example of the Southern dvitala vimana type falling under the three classes, nagara, dravida, and vesara over a samachaturasra body, dedicated to Jaina faith. The temples are assignable to 900-1000 AD  and are considered as "a landmark in South Indian Architecture".  It is constructed in two phases. The first phase consists of three shrines of equal size, the central one placed on the line faces north and has a square griva-sikhara of the Brahmachhanda type. Of the other two shrines the one facing west has a Rudrachhandagriva-sikhara and the one facing east has Vishnuchhanda griva-sikhara. The shrines have separate open ardhamandapas joined to acommonmahamandapa. The four central pillars of the mahamandapa are ornate and support a vitana ceiling. The balipitha in front of the shrines is sculptured with asthadikpalakas along with their consorts on respective -vahanas. The second phase has two lateral units, are complete on plan with a samachaturasa shrine, a vestibule with a closed mandapa in front. These two shrines face each other and are joined by a pillared porch. The adhisthana common to all above units is of simple prati-bandha class decorated with upana, jagati, kantha, kampa, and a prominent pattika stambhas of Brahma-kantha type with padma-bandha and mala-sthana. The main entrance to the complex is provided from the north by a gopuradvara. All the shrines housed beautiful sculpture of atirthankarawith elaborately carved pithas. The temple has beautiful sculptures of Jaina Yakshas and Yakshis of the Ganga and Hoysala periods. These shrines particularly dimensional types of sikharas impart an arithmetic beauty and speak of the mastery of the compositional aspects of the temple builders.