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Hill Fort and ruined Palace - Uchchangidurga

DISTRICT: Davangere; TALUK: Davangere
LOCALITY: Uchchangidurga (Lat, 14° 33' N; Long. 76° 02' E)

The village Uchchangidurga derives its name from the hill fortress nearby which was one of the chief towns of the Kadambas of Banavasi in circa 5th century AD. It also formed the capital of Nolambavadi which came under the rule of Ganga Narasimha II around 970 AD. The Gangas were followed by Chalukyas of Kalyana (1064 AD) and the fort passed to the hands of the local Pandya Chiefs (1079-1165 AD) before it was annexed by the Hoysalas. The fort on the hill is almost impregnable stretching over a kilometer in north-south orientation with steep cliffs on the north and west sides. The tower fort has deep moats and bastioned gateways. In the upper fort are the ruins of a palace indicated by square basement with arched pavilions. A temple to the south, known as Honnetamma (local Kali), is also built like a fortress. There are many ponds and tanks and temples of Siva assignable to circa 14th century AD. Some of these tanks are designated by the local terminology as elephant pond, rice pond and cradle well etc. The Utsavamba temple on the top of the hill is said to be an ancient one though not known for its architectural value.