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Colonel Bailey's Dungeon, Srirangapatna

DISTRICT: Mandya; TALUK: Srirangapatna     
LOCALITY: Srirangapatna (Lat. 12° 26' N; Long. 76° 35' E)
APPROACH: AIRPORT: Bengaluru; RAILWAY STATION: Srirangapatna; BUS STATION Srirangapatna

Between 1761 and 1799 AD, Srirangapatna played an important role in shaping the political history of Karnataka in particular and that of south India in general. Haider Ali and Tipu Sultan, who ruled the Mysore kingdom, fought the British valiently in four Mysore battles and in the process, held captive many British army officers. Tipu Sultan held these prisoners of war within the fort at Srirangapatna. The Dungeon located to the north of the Ranganathaswamy temple is  popularly known as Colonel Bailey's Dungeon and appears to have been used by Tipu Sultan to confine prisoners of war. It is an oblong structure concealed from view and measures about 30x15 m with low vaulted roof of brick and mortar and having a series of arches resting on huge pillars dividing the interior into bays. Along the walls are projecting stone slabs having holes, perhaps meant for fastening prisoners to the walls with chains. This dungeon is said to have been used to confine Col. Bailey for a short period.