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Chamundaraya Basti, Sravanabelagola

DISTRICT: Hassan; TALUK: Channarayapatna
LOCALITY: Sravanabelagola (Lat. 12° 51' N; Long. 76° 29' E)

Adarsh Smarak Monuments
The Chavundarya Basti, named after the patron of the colossus, is architecturally a very interesting structure and bears the characteristics of the Ganga period (10th century AD). An inscription on the pedestal of the image in the upper storey mentions the name of the son of Chavundaraya. The images in the sanctum and the vestibule reveal Hoysala features (12th century AD). The basti is also called as Boppa-Caityalaya. This granite structure depicting Dravidian architectural features is perfect specimen of Ganga workmanship. It consists of a garbhagriha, an open sukanasi with the navaranga attached to it, and a porch with verandas at the sides. The tritala vimana has a clear differentiation of masses into bhadra, pratibhadra and karna both in plan and elevation. The mandapa is laid out on a straight manasutra. The padabandha Adhisthana on the exterior is unadorned. The temple has an anarpita vimana with passages around the second and the third talas. The second tala acts as an upper sanctuary entered from east. The basti is a large rectangle on plan, divided into vimana and gudhamandapa of almost the same size. A pillared porch was added in the second decade of the 12th century AD. The tritala vimana has a pancharatha design. The bhadras of the vimana and the mandapa have niches which held standing Jaina images originally. The prastara (the aditala is exceptionally handsome. Hamsamala, fine nasis and vyalas are some of the temple notable features. The hara is notable for a band of kutas, panjaras and salas having figures of yakshas and seated Jaina figures of high quality.